Four models were produced—in, and Potzdamjust outside Berlinhad been Frederick the Great of Prussia 's favorite place of residence as well as the city where the musket was made, hence the name.
After Frederick was crowned inhe ordered the then-current Prussian musket; a version fromfor his army. The Potzdam musket had already made a name for itself by being the first standard German -made musket, and the model further solidified Potzdam as the key arsenal for Germany. The muskets were widely used by the Prussians and soldiers of the various German principalities in the 18th century. British-hired Hessian troops as well as troops from other German principalities in the revolting thirteen British colonies in America also used the muskets against rebels.
A smoothbored musket, the weapon was reasonably accurate to about yards 91 m against line infantry. But a musket was preferably used at a much shorter distance than that when discharged en masse. The calibre of the Potzdam Muskets was between 0. The barrel length of the Potzdam muskets varied between Stress-bearing parts of the Potzdam, such as the barrel, lock plate and firing mechanism were made of steel and sling - swivels made of iron whilst other furniture pieces such as the butt plate, trigger guard and ramrod pipe were found in brass.
Besides not having fore-sightsBrown Bess -musket were virtually identical to Potzdam muskets up until These were manufactured in.
As with Swedish military muskets, that also clung to pinned barrels until pattern the Potzdam musket had fore-sights made of brass, making the bayonet lug 's optimal location under the barrel where an Moreover could the weapon's fore-sights be used with a crude rear sight in form of an oblong rounded notch in the barrel peg.
The barrel length was The pattern Potzdam Musketderived from the earlier pattern, was produced from to and used the same standardised parts. The model had a By the early nineteenth centurythe pattern musket was considered obsolete. Its poor performance contributed to the German defeat at Jena in The Model Prussian Musketlike its predecessor, was assembled at the Potzdam armory during the Napoleonic Wars. It had steel rather than brass barrel bands to reduce costs, and borrowed extensively from the design of the French Charleville Model Musket.
The hammer or cock had a decorative heart-shaped cutout, and the steel pan had a protective shield to keep the powder dry in wet weather. Unusually, the fore-sights were cast into the barrel band rather than the end of the barrel.
Due to its large boreit could fire the cartridges of fallen British and French soldiers, although the smaller French bullets would rattle down the barrel and reduce accuracy and stopping power. The socket bayonet of the M musket was patterned after the bayonet of the French Charleville musket.
Like most other bayonets of the early 19th century, it had a triangular However, it lacked the mortise normally used to secure the bayonet over the fore-sights of the musket barrel. From tothe Prussians manufactured a caplock conversion  of the Potzdam musket.
Carbine variant of the Potsdam musket issued to Hessian dragoons in Union army troops armed with Prussian pattern muskets.Comments characters remaining. Bids cannot be retracted using this feature.
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The Prussians identified the cause of their defeat to be obsolete tactics, old style equipment and old officers not suited to the new warfare. After extensive trials and tests of different models and types, a musket based on the French model was authorised by the government in May It was a musket that was of large enough bore to use any ball then in use in Europe. Although similar in appearance to the French Model musket, the key difference was in the design of the lock plate where the priming pan was protected by a flashguard.
The barrel is held on by three barrel bands retained by spring clips. As there is no royal cipher on the lock plate the date of manufacture has to be before At Waterloo not all the Prussian army were armed with the new musket, and many would have had the old Model or indeed the British India pattern muskets, which had been given as part of an aid package.
Approximatelywere purchased by the U. Ordnance Department, where they were converted to percussion.
Unlike the British infantryman, who was a professional soldier, the infantrymen of the European powers, such as Prussia, were conscripts and their training was often minimal. Target practice was often an annual affair, where few rounds were fired so the soldier could learn not to be afraid of the tremendous kick of his musket.
Any form of training, especially weapon handling, remained rudimentary. The new conscript might receive 2 or 3 weeks of basic instruction at the depot, but he would fire only on average of 2 musket shots a year in practice. By comparison, Britain was the wealthiest country in Europe, with a relatively small army.
As such its government could afford to finance the training of its troops, including shooting practice, to a level the larger and poorer continental armies were unable to reach.
Depending on the type and calibre, a musket could hit a man's torso at up to paces - though it was only reliably accurate to about paces, the range at which most combat took place. In a test intwo companies of Prussian grenadiers fired at a target 10 paces broad and 10 ft high. At paces they scored approximately At m there were only 18 hits. In another test carried out by the Prussians under Scharnhorst indifferent muskets were shot at and yards.
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The Royal Armouries does not guarantee the continued supply of the Information.Original Item: Only One Available. This is an original German. The lockplate surface is bright and exhibits a peppery look from scattered fine rust pitting. Lockplate is a curved tail that terminates into a small teat that differentiates it from the later model.
Markings are standard with none found behind the hammer. Barrel left facet is stamped with a cancellation line through it from when it was later converted. Mechanics are strong and crisp.
Barrel is secured to the stock via three brass bands retained by springs. Upper brass band is double-strapped. All brass wears a mellow bronze patina.
Finials of the trigger guard and the toe of the butt plate terminate in distinct three-pointed ends. Butt plate is stamped with numerous stampings including: regimental markings, 32LWR 8C and the date of conversion from flint to percussion. Black walnut stock with its recessed cheek piece is handsome and strong.
Wood surface is dark and un-cleaned. No cracks visible but stock does show minor dings, dents and light scuffs from age and use. Tapered ramrod is original and bears inspector markings at the tip. A fine Prussian Potsdam Pattern smoothbore musket. Many of these were imported from Germany just prior to the U. Civil War and issued mostly to the Confederacy.
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Weather your looking for Pistols, Revolvers, Rifles, Shotguns, Hunting or Target, We are fully experienced and fully staffed to satisfy every aspect of your firearms requirements and expectations. Thank you for browsing and we hope to do business with you! Shipping Notes: Buyer pays all shipping costs. We only ship to licensed FFL dealers. Once bought the buyer will have to provide us of their preferred dealer and we ship to them.
When received the buyer will have 3 days to inspect the firearm and notify us of any desired returns. Read More. Verified Seller. View Sellers Items. This is a conversion rifle converted from flintlock to percussion in Marked on Buttplate. Bolster are shows deeper pitting. Lock is very good with age toning, pitting. Hammer cocks and holds firing forward with pull of trigger. Metal parts shows nice patina. Two of the original three brass barrel bands intact Rear band missing ; Band spring intact.
Brass trigger guard and buttplate are good with nice, golden patina; trigger guard and buttplate tips end in 3-point design. Left side of shoulder stock features original hand carved cheek rest. Original ramrod replaced with hand carved period correct example. We will be in touch within 24 hours of your purchase.This original German longarm is a.
The lockplate surface is dark plum and exhibits a mild peppery look from scattered fine rust pitting. Lockplate is a curved tail that terminates into a small teat that differentiates it from the later model. Markings are standard with none found behind the hammer. No rear leaf. Barrel is secured to the stock via three brass bands retained by springs.
Upper brass band is double-strapped. Brass trigger guard has its brass swivel but the center band is missing its swivel. All brass wears a mellow bronze patina. Finials of the trigger guard and the toe of the butt plate terminate in distinct three-pointed ends.
Black walnut stock with its recessed cheek piece is handsome and strong. Wood surface is dark and uncleaned. No cracks visible but stock does show minor dings, dents and light scuffs from age and use.
All firearms are described as accurately as possible, given the restraints of a catalog listing length. Any city or state regulations regarding owning antique firearms are the responsibility of the purchaser. All firearms are "mechanically perfect" unless noted, but again, are NOT warranted as safe to fire. The shop is currently closed but we're working from home.
E-mail or call with questions or orders! Zoom In Zoom Out Reset. Most Popular U.The Prussian model measures It was originally manufactured as a flintlock weapon and later converted to a percussion firing system using a curved cone blouster seat that was forged directly onto the breech.
The year of the conversion is stamped on both the left side of the breech flat as well as the face of the butt plate. Other markings include the letters FW located below a crown device. This cipher is also stamped into several places on the musket, right hand side of the butt, left side flat of the breech and on the lockplate face above the armory name of Saarn.
The model lock plate has a curved tail that terminates in a small teat. This feature distinguishes it from the later model of The barrel is secured to the stock by three brass bands retained by springs; the upper band is double-strapped. There are matching assembly numbers stamped into the bands as well.
Prussian Model 1809 Musket
Sling swivels now missing were attached to the trigger guard and to the center band. The trigger guard, barrel bands and butt-plate are all of brass. Both of the finials on the trigger guard and the toe of the butt-plate terminate in a three-pointed end design. Located on the butt-plate are a series of stamped assortment of numbers, including the year of conversion rack number The stock is of a light colored beechwood.
Located on the left side of the butt is a recessed carved cheek-rest. On the breech area is the rear sight composted of a simple notched iron block mounted atop the barrel tang. The front sight is a brass blade soldered onto the strap of the top barrel band. Ramrod is trumpet-shaped and is cupped on its face at the end of the rod is drilled and tapped for the attachment of a worm or ball puller.
This model of utilized a triangular type bayonet not available with this musket having an unslotted sleeve. A spring locking device is located beneath the barrel and engages an eccentric ring on the socket to complete the attachment.
Records show that the U.
Pattern 1809 Prussian Musket
Ordnance Department purchased approximatelyPrussian arms of whichwere identified as smooth-bores. All of the shipments arrived in late through early when the need for arms was most urgent.
There were no known Confederate contract purchases of this particular model musket, although their acquisition through battlefield capture is most likely. Condition Report: This example exhibits field usage. Has medium to deep pitting located in and around the bolster side of the breech area.
1839 PRUSSIAN MODEL 1831 POTSDAM MUSKET
The bolster clean out screw shows pitting as well as the screw slot being somewhat burred from many attempts of removal over the years. The nipple cone is in excellent condition and the lock action is still very crisp. Some overall dents and scratches, but no cracks or fissures to the stock.
Brass barrel bands and butt plate are of a pleasant yellow color. All firearms are described as accurately as possible, given the restraints of a catalog listing length.